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THE NEED FOR THE STUDY MEDICINAL PLANTS

Over a period of time, many pressing reasons, that cannot be over emphasised, for the study medicinal plants the world over, have emerged. In the current times, the need to study medicinal plants in detail, from various points of view, is generally well recognised. A number of authors have discussed the need for a detailed and systematic study of medicinal plants (Farnsworth and Bingel 1977; von Reis Altschul 1973; OTA 1983; Balandran et al. 1985; Duke 1985; Naranjo, 1995). The major issues are discussed below:

4  RESCUE OF TRADITIONAL MEDICINAL PLANTS AND 

     THE KNOWLEDGE ABOUT THEM, THAT ARE IN AN 

     IMMINENT DANGER OF BEING LOST

4  UTILITY OF PLANTS IN CONTEMPORARY MEDICINE

4  DISCOVERY OF NEW THERAPEUTICALLY ACTIVE 

     MOLECULAR MODELS I IN PLANTS

4  USEFULNESS OF PLANTS IN UNDERSTANDING PHARMACODYNAMICS

4  EXTENSIVE USE OF PLANTS IN FOLK MEDICINE BY 

     VAST POPULATIONS IN T THE WORLD

4  OBTAINING INTERMEDIATE CHEMICALS FROM PLANTS 

     FOR THE SEMI-SYNTHESIS AND/OR IMPROVEMENT OF 

     DRUGS BY STRUCTURAL MODIFICATIONS

4  HEALTH FOR EVERYONE

REFERENCES

Balandran, M.F., Klocke, J.A., Wurtele, E.S. and Bollinger, H. 1985. Natural plant chemicals: Sources of industrial and medicinal materials. Science, 228: 1154.

Barz, W. and Ellis, E. 1981. Potential of plant cell cultures for pharmaceutical production. In Natural products as medicinal agents. (eds.) Beal, J.L. and Reinhard, E. Suppl. to Planta Medica, Hippokrates Verlag, Stuttgart. pp 471-508.

Cassady, J.M., Chang, C.-J. and McLaughlin, J.E. 1981. Recent advances in the isolation and structural elucidation of antineoplastic agents in higher plants. In Natural products as medicinal agents. (eds.) Beal, J.L. and Reinhard, E. Suppl. Planta Medica. Hippokrates Verlag, Stuttgart. pp 93-124.

Compadre, C.M., Pezzuto, J.M., Kinghorn, A.D. and Kalmath, S.K. 1985. Hernandulcin: An intensely sweet compound discovered by review of ancient literature. Science, 227: 417-419.

Duke, J.A. 1985. Medicinal Plants. Science, 229: 1036.

Evans, D., Nelson, J. and Taber, T. 1982. Topics in stereochemistry. In Interscience. (eds.) Alinger, N.L. and Elile, E.L. New York.

Farnsworth, N.R. and Bingel, A. 1977. New natural products and plant drugs with pharmaceutical, biological or therapeutical activity. (eds.) Wagner, H. and Wolff, P. Springer-Verlag, New York.

Gottlieb, O.R. 1982. Micromolecular evolution, systematics and ecology. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Jayasuriya, A. 1997. The future of complementary medicines. Medicina Alternativa, Colombo. pp 63.

Kameswara Rao, C. and Sangeetaa, W. 1993. Alternate sweeteners. Vatika, No. 4, Winter, 1993.

Kreig, M.B. 1964. Green Medicine. Skokie, I.L., Bantam Books.

Lain-Entralgo, P. 1982. Historia universal de la medicine. vol 7. Salvat Edit, Madrid.

Lynch, G. and Baundry, M. 1984. The biochemistry of memory: A new specific hypothesis. Science, 224: 1057.

Naranjo, P. 1970. Plantas psicotomimeticas y bioquimicas de la mente. Terapia, 25: 87.

Naranjo, P. 1981. Farmacologia y medicina traditional. In Fundamentos de Farmacologia Medica. (eds.) Samaniego, E. and Escaleras, R. Universitat Central, Quito.

Naranjo, P. 1995. The urgent need for the study of medicinal plants. In Ethnobotany: Evolution of a discipline. (eds.) Schultes, R.E. and Reis, S. von., Chapman & Hall, London. pp 362-368.

OTA (Office of Technology Assessment). 1983. Plants: The potentials for extracting protein, medicines and other useful chemicals. Washington, DC.

Pardal, N. 1937. Medicina aborigen Americana. J. Anesi, Buenos Aires.

Pearce, D. and Moran, D. 1994. The economic value of biodiversity. Earthscan Publications, London. pp 101-102.

Principe, P. 1989. The economic significance of plants and their constituents as drugs. In Economic and medicinal plant research.. (eds.) Wagner, H., Hikino, H. and Farnsworth, N. ol. 3. Academic Press, London. pp 1-17.

Swain, T. 1972. (ed.) Plants in the development of modern medicine. Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, MA.

von Reis Altschul, S. 1973. Drugs and foods from little-known plants. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.

Schmeltz, I. 1971. Naturally occurring insecticides. (eds.) Jacobson, M. and Crosby, D.G. Dekker, New York.

Wall, M.E. and Wani, M.C. 1981. Structure activity relationship of plant antitumour agents related to camptothecin and the quassinoids. In Natural products as medicinal agents. (eds.) Beal, J.L. and Reinhard, E. Suppl. Plants Medica. Hippokrates Verlag, Stuttgart. pp 125-149.

Wermuth, C.-G. 1981. Modulation of natural products in order to improve their pharmacokinetic properties. In Natural products as medicinal agents. (eds.) Beal, J.L. and Reinhard, E. Suppl. Planta Medica. Hippokrates Verlag, Stuttgart. pp 185-215.

WHO (World Health Organisation). 1978. The promotion and development of traditional medicine. Technical Report No. 622. Geneva.

WHO (World Health Organisation). 1991. Progress Report. No. A44/20. Geneva.

 

 

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